Certain industrial and municipal facilities are vulnerable to breaches in security and associated threats. Those vulnerabilities vary according to the location and characteristics of the sites; however, the main goal of assessments are to identify and limit security risks to your facility, equipment, and personnel. Being able to identify and quantify risks allows you to establish policies and procedures that can minimize the risk and consequences of security threats, and provide increased safety.
Marine Transportation Security Act requires “any structure or facility of any kind located in, on, under, or adjacent to any waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare and submit a security plan to the Secretary of Homeland Security based on the assessment.”The following topics should be considered in developing security plans:
- Internal and external risks, and vulnerability assessment of those levels of risks.
- On-site and/or off-site security oversight organization and specific duties and responsibilities.
- Detailed list of security personnel and Facility Security Officer training, exercises and drill procedures.
- Security of facility record keeping and documentation procedures.
- Procedures for implementing MARSEC Level security measures, within 12 hours of notification of an increase.
- Specific standard internal and external communications procedures, and alternate communication procedures (ex: Interfacing with Vessels, Declaration of Security (DoS)).
- Security measures for access control in general and restricted areas for employees, contractors and outside parties for each MARSEC Level.
- Identify alternate security measures if initial systems fail.
- Identification of on-site and off-site security command center.
- Evaluation and identification of procedures and security measure for deliveries of hazardous and/or non-hazardous materials, and delivery of vessel stores and bunkers.
- Identification of potential ignition sources and security control procedures.
- Detailed site-specific incident security and monitoring procedures.
- Identification and evaluation of security procedures for auditing and updating security plans
- Facilities must be able to present a Facility Security Assessment (FSA) Report and Facility Vulnerability and Security Measures Summary (Form CG-6025).
- If these items are not included in the Facility Security plan, the plan will not be approved by Coast Guard Inspectors.