To manage workplace risks, each facility should be be analyzed for potential hazards. Risks and hazards may be present in the form of unsafe acts and/or unsafe conditions. Once hazards are recognized and evaluated, they should be eliminated or controlled through procedural planning.
A risk management program should include, but is not limited to, the following processes and prevention program.
- Risk recognition of can occur through inspections, audits, and job hazard analysis
- All levels of management should take interest in their company’s risk management program
- Each manager should establish realistic goals for accident reduction and prevention within their area of responsibility
- Evaluate accident probability for each process, procedure and handled material and its resulting level of potential severity if an accident were to occur
- The probability and severity of a risk should determine the priority level for correcting the hazard. The higher the probability and severity of risk, the higher the emphasis should be on corrective action
RISK ELIMINATION or RISK CONTROL
- If accidents or incidents occur, a determined effort should be made to isolate and eliminate the root cause
- If audits reveal risks, changes in process and procedure should be made in order to reduce risk and become compliant with regulatory agencies
- Implement risk reducing engineering controls, when applicable
- Implement proactive administrative controls or work place practices
- Establish process to identify inoperable or malfunctioning equipment and machinery through systematic inspections
- Employees should be made aware of hazards associated with any work place process or materials through education and training
- Accident prevention signs should be posted to remind occupants of the presence of hazards
- Establish and communicate emergency response plan (ex. Emergency Action Plan) to employees and appropriate emergency response teams. This includes up to date notification procedures and contact information.
For tips and best practices on designing a crisis management program, download Best Practices for Crisis Management.