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Developing Emergency Procedures for Loading Racks

Posted on Thu, May 19, 2011

Modern loading-racks systems are designed, constructed, and installed according to strict codes and regulations. Additionally, proper procedures and thoroughly trained personnel help to ensure safe operation. However, equipment failures and human error may contribute to an emergency situation at the loading/unloading rack.

Loading-rack systems can deliver product at high discharge rates, and in the unlikely event of an accident while the system is operating, there is potential for significant exposure. As a result, emergency procedures should be developed for the following potential loading/unloading rack situations:

Minor Spills
Drivers and operators are responsible for thoroughly washing down a spill before resuming loading operations or starting engines.

Major Spill Emergency Shutdown

  • Manual Shutdown Buttons should be installed and available at all loading bays and racks, to allow for immediate shutdown all loading operations in response to any abnormal condition.
  • Activation of the Emergency Shutdown System should automatically shut down all loading operations and activate local alarms.

Fire System Activation

  • Manual Fire Pull Stations should be installed and available at all loading bays and racks, and may be used to manually activate a fixed Fire Suppression System.
  • Fire Suppression Systems should also activate automatically if the detection system detects the presence of a fire.
  • Activation of the Emergency Shutdown System should automatically shut down all loading operations and activate local alarms.

Evacuation

During an emergency, or when Fire Suppression Systems are activated, non-facility employees should evacuate a safe distance to the designated local Assembly Area.

Emergency Reporting and Notification
All emergencies, or activation of Fire Suppression Systems, should be reported immediately to the Incident Commander of Area Supervisor.

For tips and best practices on designing a crisis management program, download Tips for Effective Exercises.

Exercises - TRP Corp

Tags: DOT, Regulatory Compliance, Facility Management, Emergency Management Program