The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is the consistent emergency management structure that has been adopted by countless companies to create a more effective, coordinated emergency response. According to FEMA, NIMS provides “a consistent nationwide template to enable Federal, State, tribal, and local governments, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations to work together to prepare for, prevent, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents, regardless of cause, size, or complexity, including acts of catastrophic terrorism.”
With properly trained employees, many emergency situations can be handled on-site without external responders. However, if an emergency has the potential to exceed the scope of employee training, a unified incident management approach enables multiple entities to respond with one accepted management system. Adopting NIMS facilitates the ability for internal and external responders to collaborate through common operating principles, terminology, and organizational processes to improve response interoperability. The goal, and typical result of NIMS, is a coordinated, faster, and more effective resolution.
Company emergency preparedness personnel, as well as any emergency responders or teams (fire brigade/EMS), can adopt NIMS training programs. The Department of Homeland Security has developed Frequently Asked Questions regarding NIMS. Below is a sampling of those questions in quiz form to determine your NIMS proficiency.
1. Which is NOT a component of NIMS?
b. Communications and Information Management
c. Response Plan
d. Command and Management
2. Without ICS in place, which of the following often exists?
a. A lack of accountability
b. Poor communication
c. Neither a nor b
d. Both a and b
3. Which factor encourages jurisdictions to implement NIMS:
a. Federal funding eligibility
b. Pension eligibility
c. Tax exemptions
d. Training exemptions
4. Which of the following is NOT one of the three primary components of national incident response?
5. Which of the following describes NIMS?
a. A set of preparedness concepts and principles for all hazards
b. A response plan
c. Specific to certain emergency management/incident response personnel
d. Reserved for large-scale emergencies
6. Which is NOT one of the three primary implications of the evolving nature of the NIMS, implementation, and compliance?
a. Dedicated resources must for NIMS implementation must be retained on an ongoing basis
b. A new incident commander must be named at the beginning of each fiscal year
c. Compliance demands implementation on prior activities even when new regulations are put forth
d. From year to year, structures and processes that jurisdictions have implemented may change, or even be eliminated
7. Which of the following FEMA directors was the first to have had prior emergency management experience?
a. John Macy
b. Louis Guiffrida
c. General Julius Becton
d. James Lee Witt
8. ICS is designed to
a. Meet the needs of incidents of any kind or size.
b. Provide a site-specific response plan
c. Provide logistical and administrative support to operational staff
d. Both A and C
e. Both A and B
9. True or False - Private industry must comply with NIMS requirements in order to receive federal tax incentives.
10. Which of the following is an ICS concept states that personnel report to only one supervisor, and maintain formal communication relationships only with that supervisor.
a. Unity of Command
b. Unified Command System
c. Singular Command Structure
a. Emergency Management Assistance Compacts (EMACs)
b. Collaborative Support Systems (CSSs)
c. Intrastate Emergency Management Contracts (IEMCs)
d. None of the above
12. According to NIMS, all functions of response and recovery are dependent upon ____________ and ___________.
a. Logistics and budget
b. Public perception and reputation
c. Communication and coordination
d. Stakeholder input and stock valuation
13. Transfer of Command occurs when:
a. A more qualified person assumes command
b. There is normal turnover of personnel on extended incidents
c. The incident response is concluded and responsibility can be transferred to the home agency, company or, facility
d. All of the above
14. The Secretary of Homeland Security, through the ________________, publishes the standards, guidelines, and compliance protocols for determining whether a Federal, State, tribal, or local government has implemented NIMS.
a. National Intelligence Council (NIC)
b. National Integration Center (NIC)
c. Incident Command System (ICS)
d. Implementation Coordination System (ICS)
15. Which is NOT one of the seven strategies for emergency operations