OSHA provides a wide range of general industry regulations. The following OSHA requirements are aimed at supporting Emergency Response and Preparedness measures. These site-specific OSHA requirements include the following: (NOTE: Site-specific operations may require additional compliance measures per industry regulations.
1. Personal Protective Equipment (General requirements)
- 29 CFR 1910.132: Personal protective equipment (PPE), including PPEs for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.
- 29 CFR 1910.132(d)(2): The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies the workplace evaluated; the person certifying that the evaluation has been performed; the date(s) of the hazard assessment; and, which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment.
- 29 CFR 1910.132(h): PPEs should be provided by the employer at no cost to employees in order to provide basic protection covered under 29 CFR 1910.132. However, the employer is not required to purchase certain non-specialty items if the item can be worn off the job site. Those items include, but are not limited to:
- Non-specialty safety-toe protective footwear (including steel-toe shoes or steel-toe boots)
- Non-specialty prescription safety eyewear
- Everyday clothing, such as long-sleeve shirts, long pants, street shoes, and normal work boots
- Ordinary clothing, skin creams, or other items used solely for protection from weather, such as winter coats, jackets, gloves, parkas, rubber boots, hats, raincoats, ordinary sunglasses, and sunscreen
- 29 CFR 1910.134: The primary objective is to mitigate occupational diseases caused by breathing contaminated air by preventing atmospheric contamination and respiratory protection. Respiratory protection shall be accomplished as far as feasible by accepted engineering control measures (for example, enclosure or confinement of the operation, general and local ventilation, and substitution of less toxic materials) or through respirator distribution.
- 1910.134(c)(1): In any workplace where respirators are necessary to protect the health of the employee or whenever respirators are required by the employer, the employer shall establish and implement a written respiratory protection program with worksite-specific procedures. The program shall be updated as necessary to reflect those changes in workplace conditions that affect respirator use.
3. Air Contaminants
- 29 CFR 1910.1000: An employee's exposure to any substance in 1910.1000 Table Z-1 shall at no time exceed the exposure limit given for that substance. If instantaneous monitoring is not feasible, then the ceiling limit shall be assessed as a 15-minute time weighted average exposure, which shall not be exceeded at any time over a working day.
- 29 CFR 1910.119: This regulation focuses on preventing or minimizing consequences from a catastrophic release of toxic, reactive, flammable or explosive chemicals. Processes are covered by this standard when they involve quantities of highly hazardous chemicals equal to or greater than those listed in Appendix A, they involve flammable liquid or gas quantities greater than 10,000 pounds, or they involve the manufacture of explosives or pyrotechnics.
4. Bloodborne Pathogens
- 29 CFR 1910.1030: An employer having an employee(s) with reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or potential contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee's duties shall establish a written Exposure Control Plan designed to eliminate or minimize employee exposure.
5. Hazard Communication
- 29 CFR 1910.1200: This OSHA standard aligns with the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals and ensures that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified. It is required that information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employers and employees. For more information on the Hazard Communication Standard, see Phased Compliance of the Hazard Communication Standard Begins Dec 2013.