Clean Water Act Plans

TRP develops response Facility Response Plans (FRP’s) and Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures (SPCC) plans, which are necessary for compliance with Clean Water Act. TRP’s SMARTPLANTM software greatly improves accessibility and reduces plan maintenance efforts for FRPs and SPCC plans for large operations.

Response Planning Software for Companies with Multiple Locations

Maintaining site-specific plans to comply with the Clean Water Act across many facilities and geographic locations is a challenge.  SMARTPLANTM maintains all plan information is a database, which eliminates the need to revise duplicate information, and results in more accurate plans with less updating required. Companies with large operations benefit the most from this technology and approach.

How TRP can help

FRP’s and SPCC plans are time-consuming to keep updated and obtaining regulatory approval can be a challenge. TRP can incorporate these plans into our SMARTPLANTM software, and even identify gaps to ensure regulatory compliance. We'll even submit your plans to regulators on your behalf.

TRP also provides training on use of SMARTPLANTM for updating these plans, and on other useful features of the software. Our software makes it easy to update names, telephone numbers and other content to keep your plans up to date.

What are the next steps?

If you're interested in how TRP can help you improve and incorporate your FRP’s and or SPCC Plans into SMARTPLANTM and more, reach out to us with questions or to schedule a demonstration of our software.

Local Considerations for the Clean Water Act

For companies with locations in different parts of the country, response plans need to consider:

  • different topographies
  • sensitivities
  • agency notifications
  • response contractors
  • severe weather considerations.

These local variations make updating plans more difficult. SMARTPLANTM software simplifies this management process and keeps all your plans easily accessible.

Does the Clean Water Act Apply to your Company?

Applicability to Clean Water Act regulations depends on the following factors:

  • Oil storage capacity
  • Type of operation
  • Proximity to navigable water
  • Proximity to sensitive areas

Common industries which must comply with the Clean Water Act include:

  • Terminals
  • Pipelines
  • Refineries
  • Oil and gas operations

What is the Clean Water Act?

The Clean Water Act was enacted in 1948 with a major revision and expansion in 1972. The original name of the 1948 act was the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. It only became commonly known as the Clean Water Act after 1972. This act is the primary federal law relating to water pollution.

This act regulates the discharge of pollutants into United States water as well as setting quality standards for surface waters. The Clean Water Act has allowed the EPA to implement pollution control programs. Some of these programs have set the standards for industrial discharge. Under the Clean Water act it is illegal to discharge pollutants from a localized or stationary source into waters that is suitable for boats. A localized or stationary source, or point source, could be a pipe or ditch.


The EPA has partnered with federal and state agencies to monitor and maintain compliance with the Clean Waters Act. Under the Clean Water Act a permit system to further regulate pollution point sources. The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System which utilizes both Discharge Monitoring Reports and on-site inspections. This program is mostly operated at the state level. National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits must be issued before an industrial or municipal facility can discharge into navigable waters. 

The Clean Water Act and the Oil Industry

The Clean Water Act prohibits discharge of hazardous substances, including oil into the waters or shorelines of the United States. The quantities of discharge must not present a risk or damage to public health or welfare or the environment. To enforce these prohibitions the EPA conducts inspections of oil facilities. These inspections normally include:

  • A review of the facility’s SPCC Plan
  • A walkthrough of the facility
  • Interviews of facility staff
  • A review of the Facility Response Plan
  • A test of the Facility Response Plan